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MAGCUL(MAGNET+CULTURE)
the media for art, culture and events in Kanagawa prefecture.
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シュルレアリスムの100年。絵画の実験から束芋の映像まで
Art and Photography
2019.12.14

100 years of surrealism. From painting experiments to Tabaimo images

POLA MUSEUM OF ART Period: 2019.12.15-2020.04.05
Ends in 37 days

「Surrealism and Painting-Dali, Ernst and Japan's "Sur"」

(Please note that this page was created using Google's automatic translation service and understand that because of this, its translation may not necessarily be accurate.)

「シュルレアリスム」は、20世紀の芸術に最も大きな影響をおよぼした芸術運動のひとつで、フランスの詩人アンドレ・ブルトンが中心となって推し進めたものです。彼らは理性を中心とする近代的な考え方を批判し、理性の支配の及ばない無意識の世界に「超現実」という新たなリアリティを追い求めました。やがてシュルレアリスムは詩や思想だけではなく絵画の分野にも拡大します。ドイツ出身の画家マックス・エルンストは、コラージュやフロッタージュなど実験的な手法を用い、思いがけなイメージを生じさせる作品を生み出していきました。またスペインからこの運動に加わったサルバドール・ダリは「偏執狂的=批判的」方法という独自の理論にもとづいて絵画を制作し、美術だけではなくファッション界をも巻き込む大きな流行を作り出していきます。

こうした動向は同時代の日本にも伝えられ、1930年代を通して「超現実主義」という訳語のもと、最新の前衛美術のスタイルとして一大旋風を巻き起こします。しかし、日本では「無意識の探求」という本来の目的を離れ、現実離れした奇抜で幻想的な芸術として受け入れられます。そして、しだいに東洋的な思想と混ざり合いながら独自の絵画表現や「シュール」という感覚が生まれるに至ります。

本展は、西洋におけるシュルレアリスムの運動からどのようにシュルレアリスム絵画が生まれたのか、さらに超現実主義から、いわゆる「シュール」と呼ばれる独自の表現への展開に焦点をあてる試みです。

《ココが見どころ!!》

1. シュルレアリスムの100年の歩み。フランスから日本へ。その歴史と変遷をたどる初めての展覧会。

2019年はシュルレアリスム誕生から100年という節目にあたります。フランスで誕生したシュルレアリスムは、理性を中心とした意識では捉えきれない新しい現実を表現することをめざして始まりました。シュルレアリスム独特の実験的な技法「オートマティスム(自動筆記)」や「コラージュ」が出現したのが1919年です。しかし、日本では現実の外にある幻想的な世界を表現するものとして受け入れられていき、「シュール」という独自の発展を遂げ、映画や漫画にも影響を与えました。この100年におけるシュルレアリスムの変遷 Follow the expansion of Surrealism from France to Japan, to the United States and Asia with about 100 paintings and prints.

2. Introduces painting techniques born from surrealism such as decalcomanie and frottage.
Painters have pursued various quests to represent the real world that cannot be captured by consciousness. In order to capture things that are beyond the judgment and rational of the initiative, the expression of contingency and improvisation is incorporated into the expression. These techniques, such as decalcomani (transcription), frottage (rubbing out), and grattaging (shaving out), could be easily tackled by non-educated people. It focuses on painting techniques, which can be said to be primitives for approaching the unconscious territory, taken for esoteric purposes, and the process of accepting surrealism in the transition of pictorial expression in Japan.

3. Introduces the "surreal" world of Japan, which is found not only in paintings, but also in movies and manga.
Japanese surrealist painting is the first time that Japanese painters have been able to sublimate paintings from the West into their own expressions. Since the Meiji era, Japanese painters have been working to reach the level of Western painting. From around 1930, however, some appeared to pursue their own expressions that, unlike the surrealist paintings of the West, originated from it and were set apart from Western painters.
It can be said that the environment, in which painters were sufficiently chewing on Western painting techniques, and the tide of Western art was flowing into Japan in real time, had influenced the realization of unique expressions.
In this exhibition, the Japanese artist's "surreal" world, in which Japanese painters first gained free expression through oil painting, and visual installations that are thought to be the source, special effects movies, comics, and other contemporary Japanese arts Introducing various expressions that contributed to the development of culture.

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Koga Harue, White Shell, 1932 (Showa 7) Collection of Pola Museum of Art

Surrealism and painting
-Dali, Ernst and Japan's "Sur"
[Date] December 15 (Sun)-April 5, 2020 (Sun) 9: 00-17: 00 (Last entry is 16:30)
* Open all day during the exhibition.
* Some works are interchangeable, including prints and photographs. <First half: Sunday, December 15-Wednesday, February 5, 2020 / Second half: Thursday, February 6, 2020-Sunday, April 5, 2020>
[Venue] Pola Museum of Art
[Price] Adult ¥ 1,800, Senior discount (65 years old and over) ¥ 1,600, University and high school students ¥ 1,300, Junior high school students and younger free
[Organizer] Pola Art Foundation Pola Museum of Art
[Inquiry] 0460-84-2111

  • POLA MUSEUM OF ART
  • POLA MUSEUM OF ART
  • POLA MUSEUM OF ART

The Pola Museum of Art was opened in Hakone-machi, Kanagawa Prefecture in 2002 with the concept of "Symbiosis of nature and art in Hakone". The collection at the Pola Museum of Art was collected by Tsuneji Suzuki, the second generation of the Pola entrepreneur, for over 40 years. 10,000 points. Considering the nature and scenery of Hakone, the height of the building is 8 m above the ground, and many of the buildings are placed underground, so that they blend into the forest. The promenade was grand-opened in July 2013 in order to enjoy the rich nature of Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. In the forest where beech trees grow, you can enjoy a natural walk along with the artworks.

Monet, Renoir and other Impressionists are the largest collections of Western paintings in Japan. You can relax and enjoy authentic works of art while in a tourist spot called Hakone. As one of our commitments, the lighting in the exhibition room is set at "July dusk in Paris" so that you can appreciate the impressionist works beautifully. In addition, you can enjoy the exhibition and seasonal visits without having to get tired, such as renewing original goods and restaurant course menus according to the theme of each exhibition. Spend a moment in the illuminated architectural space, where you can experience the rich collections and works of artists who are active in the forefront of modern times.

  • Address
    1285 Kozukayama, Sengokuhara, Hakone-machi, Ashigarashimo-gun, Kanagawa
  • TEL
    0460-84-2111
  • Business Hour
    [Opening hours] 9:00-17:00 (entry until 16:30), open all year round (temporary closure for exhibition change)
  • Credit Card
    Possible (VISA, MASTER, JCB, AMEX, Diners, UnionPay)
  • Parking Area
    Yes
  • Average Usage
    [Admission fee] Adults: ¥ 1,800, large and high school students: ¥ 1,300, junior high school students and below: Free * Please check the official website for details on usage fees

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