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《オーボエ》 “チャルメラ”の親戚筋に当たる管楽器
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"Oboe" A wind instrument that is a relative of "Charmera"

The representative of woodwind instruments is oboe
We asked Junko Suzuki, the chief oboe player.

How many people know the oboe? It is a blackish instrument similar to a clarinet.
The oboe and clarinet look quite similar from a distance, as they have the same sweet granadilla black wood body with silver keys and are about the same length. (Some are brown wood and gold keys)

The biggest difference ... that 's how sound comes out .

Of the main woodwind instruments used in orchestras (flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon), reeds (thinly cut material from plant reeds) are required in addition to the flute.

● Clarinet → Attach one reed to the mouthpiece and breathe in between the mouthpiece and the reed, and that one vibrates and makes a sound.
● Oboe, bassoon → Blow between two reeds that are wound with thread and overlapped, and the two reeds vibrate and make a sound.

Woodwind instruments such as reed-free flutes, single-reed clarinet, double-reed oboe and bassoon, etc. are located almost in the center of the orchestra ... in front of the brass instruments.

Now I would like to talk about oboe

The origin of the oboe seems to reach the instrument called Srna in the ancient Persian era. It gradually changes over time and is transmitted to various parts of the world, and the shawm that evolved in Europe becomes the direct ancestor of the oboe.
It was called Shawm in England, Charmai in Germany, Charmel in France, and Suona in Portugal.
In Japan, what was called Suona in China was transmitted, but when the Portuguese who came to Japan saw it and called it Suona , it came to be called Suona after that.
So, Oboe and Charmera are relatives.

The shawm is an instrument that makes a loud noise with reeds, and was used in military bands and outdoor dance, but it was improved for indoor performance, and the oboe was born around the 17th century.
Early oboe was very silly with only two finger holes, except that it had about two metal keys, but with the times, the number of keys has increased, the mechanism has become complicated, and it is now used. It became an oboe like that.

A glimpse of Junko Suzuki 's performance!
* Seven children (nursery rhyme)


Other oboe genus includes oboe musette, oboe d'amore, English horn, bass oboe, and haeckel von. The most commonly used orchestra is the English horn, famous for the second movement of Dvorak's New World. Oboe d'amore plays a solo in Bolero. Yes, that solo is not an oboe.

Oboe reeds are handmade by the player!

The reeds, which are indispensable for oboe, are handmade by each player.
It takes several days to complete the six steps from splitting a tubular object from a reed into three pieces vertically until it makes a sound. Since the other party is a natural material, even if they are made in the same way, the same thing cannot be made, and how much good one can be secured from them ... I am fighting every day.

The oboe tone, which is simple, lovable, graceful, melancholy, and sometimes ethnic, is often used in emotional areas. The melody that appears in Tchaikovsky's "Swan Lake" is very famous.
There are so many beautiful melodies that I can't list, but there is a wide variety of tones due to the differences in the leads of each player, so I would like you to listen to the differences live.

What is the important work left to the oboe player?

In the orchestra, the oboe has one important task.
At the very beginning of the concert, the oboe player plays the sound of la , and everyone works to match the pitch. This is called tuning.
The job of playing the correct pitch at the very beginning is a serious responsibility and I am very nervous.
It may seem like you're doing it calmly, but when you come to the concert, please take a look.

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