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Goodbye Kamakura- "Started from Kamakura. 1951-2016" report

さようなら、鎌倉館 ー「鎌倉からはじまった。1951-2016」レポート

Text: Akiko Inoue Photo: Masamasa Nishino Release date: 2015.10.15

The Museum of Modern Art Kamakura, Kanagawa, will end its long history as an art museum in March 2016. The museum is Japan's first public modern art museum, and is also known as a representative building of modern Japanese architecture, and has been nicknamed "Kamakin".
 
According to the original contract, it was planned to be demolished, but many citizens and construction officials who love Kamakura have voiced opposition, and recently it has just been decided to preserve the main building. In the future, in discussions between Tsurugaoka Hachimangu, which owns the site, and Kanagawa Prefecture, it is said that talks are proceeding in the direction of handing over the operation of the building to Hachimangu, but the part that can not be determined at this time, including the specific utilization method. There are many. In such an uncertain situation, the current "Starting from Kamakura. 1951-2016" was the last opportunity to see the collections of the Museum of Modern Art in the architectural space of the Kamakura Museum. Only that is decisive.

The exhibition consists of three parts, PART1 to PART3, and introduces the collections that symbolize the times, dating from 2016 to 1951 when the museum first opened. Immediately, I covered "PART2 1966-1984 Museum of Modern Art".

Exhibition view on the 2nd floor

A space where everything is in harmony

The old Kamakura building, completed in 1951, is a masterpiece of world-famous architect Junzo Sakakura. Observing the building and thinking about it 64 years ago may be one of the pleasures here. You can also get a glimpse of the architectural situation at that time shortly after the war and the influence of Le Corbusier, who had a deep master-student relationship.

The entrance to the Kamakurakan, which you can see when you pass through the busy Komachi Street and walk a little along the prefectural road to enter the grounds of Tsurugaoka Hachimangu. At the beginning of the opening, the first floor was supposed to be a free space for anyone to enter. By the way, in this exhibition, you go up the stairs and the entrance is on your left.

The reason why Mr. Sakakura is said to have followed Le Corbusier's "Museum of Infinite Development" concept in this Kamakura building seems to be the square architectural composition surrounding the courtyard. Looking at the photo of the entrance, you can see that it is designed so that you can approach from the 1st floor, the 2nd floor, and the left and right of each floor. The first floor can be returned to the atrium courtyard, which is the center of the building, from any exhibition room, and the second floor has a mouth-shaped flow line that surrounds the courtyard. The design consideration given to the museum so that it can be expanded even if the number of collections increases with the passage of time seems to be a message asking the importance of the museum from the time shortly after the war to the present day.

Isamu Noguchi Kokeshi

The Kamakurakan, which is a compact two-story building, cannot help but be surprised by the structural appeal of those who are accustomed to going to museums. This is because the above-mentioned courtyard is a semi-outdoor space that faces the sky and the south side of the building faces Heike Pond and opens to the town of Kamakura. Appreciating while feeling the sound of natural light, the sound of trees passing by, and the scent of the wind is a pleasant experience that can only be experienced here. As with buildings, the work will naturally change its expression according to the natural environment, such as rain, wind, and sunlight.

<img alt = "Piloti facing Heike Pond was also the setting for the movie" Norwegian Wood ". It's hard to see in the photo, but Rei Naito, who opened the classic from 2009 to 2010, is a permanent exhibition. Please do not miss this too (a work of thin beads that can be seen faintly in the center of the photo) ”class =” alignnone size-full wp-image-19055 ″ height = ”383 ″ src =” http: // magcul.net/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/963169fdc7b0504e600a08da553d45de.jpg ”width =” 500 ″>

Exhibition view on the 1st floor

Surprisingly, when the museum opened, there was a skylight on the roof, and the exhibition room on the second floor was designed to let in natural light. Currently, we are using indoor lighting, but we can see that it has progressed with the times while making modifications.

Roof with skylight 1950s

And there are many other parts that cannot be overlooked.

Brass railing, which is rare nowadays
Handrail made by artificial stone that draws a beautiful curve
The tasteful texture of the wall made of soft and light Oya stone
The pillars of the piloti on the first floor are constructed as if they were erected on the natural stones of Heike Pond.
Norihiro Ueno

The finale is ...

If you want to know more about the charm of Kamakurakan, please visit "Starting from Kamakura. 1951-2016". PART3 from 10.17 (Sat) is full of projects that introduce a number of episodes and trivia proportional to the length of its history from various directions. In addition to the works of Harue Koga and Shunsuke Matsumoto, who are closely related to each other, the screen of the courtyard, which was originally installed at the time of opening, will be revived, and an event will be held to project the works of Hitoshi Toyoda and Takashi Ishida. Takehisa Kosugi, who held a solo exhibition in 2002, will also perform a concert with Nozomi Izumi. In addition, a talk by architect Jun Aoki and a lecture by inviting celebrities from various fields such as Anna Ogino and Lee Ufan are likely to be an exhibition suitable for the finale.
 

And during the week from November 17th (Tuesday) to 23rd (Monday / holiday), which is the birthday of Kamakurakan, the building will be lit up, talks by old and new curators, and a public photo exhibition entitled "Kamakurakan and I" will be held. To.

I would like to conclude this report with the hope that we will have a lively finale at the end of the long history of Kamakurakan.

"It started in Kamakura. 1951-2016 PART3 1951-1965 Birth of the Kamakura Museum of Modern Art"
(2015.10.17-2016.1.31) and details of various events are from the related event list below.

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