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MAGCUL マグカル

MAGCUL(MAGNET+CULTURE)
the media for art, culture and events in Kanagawa prefecture.
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ニッポンの発展を支えた、うんこと便所の歴史をたどる!
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2020.03.18

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

Nihon Minka-en, Kawasaki / Japan Open-air Folk House Museum 
(Please note that this page was created using Google's automatic translation service and understand that because of this, its translation may not necessarily be accurate.)

Go, see, and feel the world of art
File.26   Kawasaki Municipal Nihon Minka-en, "shit and life - from the toilet to fertilize -"
Miyuki Inoue (Magcal Editorial Department)

Kawasaki Municipal Japanese Folk Garden in the Ikuta Ryokuchi is an open-air museum with a total of 25 old folk houses, including 7 nationally designated important cultural properties, scattered on a spacious site of approximately 30,000 square meters. The green garden, where you can enjoy seasonal flowers, is also perfect for taking a lunch with you.
In such a peaceful landscape, a fairly unique exhibition is being held.
The title is "Uncle and Living-From Toilet to Fertilization-".
What a straight ball game title. I have to go for this!

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

After buying a ticket at the main entrance, first visit the exhibition room of the main building.
The exhibition is organized into four chapters, beginning with the introduction of various tools used in the "toilet" that are indispensable to our lives, and an easy-to-understand display of how "human waste" has been used and processed. ing.

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In the title, "Unko" is the main character, but first of all, from the "urine bottle" collection.
The plump form is cute and the color is colorful. Rakugo "Shibin" is a storytelling that started when a samurai who visited an antique shop bought it as a vase, but it seems to be very likely.
Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

This is a urinal and foot rest for men. It should be called "useful beauty", or even if it fits in the display case, there is no strange feeling.
The history of using stools as fertilizer and the fact that it was Kawasaki City that used vacuum cars for the first time in Japan were also introduced. It's a compact exhibition, but it's surprisingly deep when you take a closer look.

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

Once you have learned the flow from the toilet to the fertilizer, let's do a field survey at an old folk house in the park while looking at the "Ovenjo Map".
First of all, from the horse house on the Oshu Kaido (Hatago), the "Suzuki House".

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

This is a toilet next to the guest room, and it seems that it was mainly used by guests. The inside is divided into a large toilet and a small toilet.

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Next is the "Sasaki House" in Shinshu.
The urinal next to the entrance (far right in the photo) is for families. It is mainly for men, but when no one is there, women also use it, so I feel a gentle era. The stool was in another hut.

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

Since the Sasaki family was the owner of the house, they had a toilet for customers in case they would welcome guests such as officials. It's always hidden from the back of the room, but this time it's open to the public.

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

A tatami mat is laid out.
At that time, even if the owner was the owner, he didn't use tatami mats in his daily life.

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

In the "Yamada House", which is made of gassho, the toilet is also made of gassho!
The small hut in the foreground is a large toilet called "Henchagoya". It also serves as a fertilizer hut, and is said to have been connected to the main building by a covered bridge.

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The “Sakuda Family Residence” used to be a fishing net for seine fishing at Kujukurihama in Chiba Prefecture.

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

It is a toilet for visitors, with a small toilet in the front and a large toilet in the back.
Even if no one is using it, it's kind of strange to "peek" at the toilet...

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

This is the urinal in the foreground. From the current feeling, it may be quite wide.

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

This is the large toilet in the back.
It may be new to little children, but this form was common until Western toilets became popular.

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The Kitamura Family House, which was relocated from Hadano City, Kanagawa Prefecture, is the home of a farmer who was a famous owner and cultivated tobacco leaves.

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

A family urinal is located next to the entrance like the Sasaki family.
It seems that the big toilet was in another hut, but the Kitamura family said that the children were cleaning the toilet every morning, saying, "The toilet is dirty and the house cannot flourish."

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

Next is the outer latrine of the "Koizumiya" in Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture. It was on the back of the main building, and it was said that it was surrounded by hedges so that it could not be seen from outside.
The right is for urine and the left is for urine. The large and small stools collected in the urinal were transferred to the fertilizer storage and fermented for 2 to 3 months before being used as compost for the field. In the sense that it was indispensable for the cultivation of crops, there is no doubt that compost made from stools contributed to the development of Japanese society.

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

Looking at the "Agricultural hut exhibition room" next to it, you can see a manure and other items.
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The last is a toilet for the Kudo family housing, a nationally designated important cultural property relocated from Iwate Prefecture. It's a big building for a toilet, but it's also used as a storeroom, and it's said that they also put ash of various colors to use as fertilizer.

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

The inside looks like this. It has a simple structure in which two plates are placed on top of a "stool pot" for storing stool. It's OK to ride on a board here, so you can enjoy the mood of the past by straddling the toilet bowl.
However, please be careful as it is NG to actually use it.

Follow the history of shit and toilets that supported the development of Nippon!

"Old folk houses naturally have toilets. It was popular with children, so I wanted to hold a special exhibition that I dealt with mainly someday. It was a precious opportunity, so what went out of the toilet? Please think about it."
Said curator Rina Tamai.

The large and small stools collected from the toilets were once used effectively as a nutrient-rich "fertilizer" for growing vegetables. It's no wonder that the toilets should change with urbanization. However, urine and urine always occur as long as humans are alive. When I have excreted this exhibition, I would like to think about the end, not the end.

This event has ended.
《Yuk and living-toilet to fertilizer-》
[Session] Until Sunday, May 31, 2020
[Time] 9:30 to 17:00
[Place] Kawasaki City Japanese Folk House Main Building Exhibition Room
[Fee] Free (Admission required)

  • Nihon Minka-en, Kawasaki / Japan Open-air Folk House Museum
  • Nihon Minka-en, Kawasaki / Japan Open-air Folk House Museum
  • Nihon Minka-en, Kawasaki / Japan Open-air Folk House Museum
  • Nihon Minka-en, Kawasaki / Japan Open-air Folk House Museum

This open-air museum hosts a collection of 25 traditional buildings, mostly from the Edo period (1603 - 1868). They were relocated to the museum from around the country. Every building has been designated a Cultural Property, and they house displays of agricultural equipment and folk tools used in the home. You'll feel you've slipped back in time while enjoying the seasons, including springtime cheery blossoms and autumn leaves. The folk houses host storytelling, performing arts, and lots of other events, as well as a variety of hands-on programs. You can learn about the buildings at an exhibition in the main hall, where they hold planned exhibits too. Their Traditional Craft Hall is open for everyone to experience old-fashioned indigo dyeing.

  • Address
    7-1-1 Masugata, Tama-ku, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture
  • TEL
    044-922-2181
  • Business Hour
    March-October 9:30-17:00 / November-February 9:30-16:30 Closed: Mondays (open on public holidays), the next day of public holidays (open on Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays) ), year-end and New Year holidays (12/29-1/3), temporary holidays
  • Parking Area
    140 (Ikuta Ryokuchi East Exit Parking Lot)
  • Reserve
    Reservations are required for groups (20 people or more). Reservation recommended for indigo dyeing experience.
  • Average Usage
    [Entrance fee] 500 yen for general, 300 yen for high school students/university students/ages 65 and over (both require certificate), junior high school students and under/Kawasaki city resident for ages 65+ free (certificate required) *Group fee available

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