Follow the history of the toilet and the toilet that supported the development of Japan!
Go, see, feel the world of art
File.26 Kawasaki Municipal Nihon Minka-en, "shit and life - from the toilet to fertilize -"
Miyuki Inoue (Magical Editor)
The Kawasaki Municipal Japanese Rural House, located in Ikuta Ryokuchi, is an open-air museum with a total area of about 30,000 square meters and a total of 25 old private houses, including seven nationally designated important cultural properties. The lush garden, where you can enjoy the seasonal flowers, is perfect for taking a lunch with you.
A fairly unique exhibition is held in such a peaceful landscape.
The title is "Yokoto-kousai-from toilet to fertilizer-".
What a straightball game! I have to go for this!
If you buy a ticket at the main entrance, first visit the exhibition room of the main building.
The exhibition consists of four chapters, and introduces various tools used in the lavatory, which is indispensable to our daily lives, and displays how human waste was used or processed in an easy-to-understand manner. ing.
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"Unko" is the main character in the title, but first from the "Urine" collection.
The plump form is cute and the color is colorful. Rakugo "Shibin" is a story that begins when a samurai who visits an antique store buys it as a vase, but it seems likely.
This is a urinal and foot rest for men. It may be called "beauty of use", and even if it fits in the display case, it does not seem strangely strange.
It also introduces the history of using stool as fertilizer and the fact that Kawasaki City was the first to use vacuum cars in Japan. Although it is a compact exhibition, it is surprisingly deep when you watch it carefully.
Once you have learned the flow from the toilet to the fertilizer, you can do an on-site survey at an old private house in the park while viewing the "Benjo Map".
First of all, from the "Suzuki Family Residence" on the Oshu Kaido's horse lodge.
This is a toilet next to the guest rooms, which seems to be mainly used by guests. The inside is divided into a toilet and a urinal.
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Next is the Sasaki Family Residence in Shinshu.
The urinal next to the entrance (back right of the photo) is for families. It is mainly for men, but when no one is there, women also use it, so you can feel a sense of age. The stool was in another hut.
Since the Sasaki family was a master, it had a toilet for customers to welcome guests such as officials. Because it is in the back of the room, it is always closed, but this time it is specially open from the back.
What a tatami floor.
At that time, even the masters seemed to not use tatami mats in their daily lives, so it would be a very high-quality toilet.
In the Gassho-style "Yamada Family Residence", the toilet is also Gassho-style!
The small hut in the foreground is a toilet called "Henchagoya". It also served as a fertilizer hut, and was connected to the main building by a covered bridge.
"Sakuta Family Residence" used to be the source of seine fishing at Kujukuri Beach in Chiba Prefecture.
This is a toilet for visitors, with a small toilet in the foreground and a large toilet in the back.
Even though no one is using it, it feels strange to “peek” at the toilet.
This is the urinal in the foreground. From the current sense, it may be quite wide.
This is the toilet in the back.
This may be new to little ones, but until Western style toilets became popular, this form was common.
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The Kitamura Family Residence, relocated from Hadano City, Kanagawa Prefecture, is the home of a farmer who is a master and grows tobacco leaves.
There is a family urinal next to the entrance, like the Sasaki family.
The toilet was in a separate hut, but the Kitamura family said that they cleaned the toilet every morning, saying that if the toilet was dirty, the house would not flourish.
Next is the toilet outside the Koizumi House in Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture. It was behind the main house and was surrounded by hedges so that it was not visible from outside.
Right for stool, left for urine. The feces and urine collected in the stool vase were transferred to a fertilizer reservoir, fermented for two to three months, and then used as compost in the field. In the sense that it was indispensable for crop cultivation, it is certain that compost made from urine and urine contributed to the development of Japanese society.
Except for the "Agricultural Equipment Hut Exhibition Room" on the side, fertilizer tubs are also on display.
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Lastly, the toilet of the Kudo Family Residence, a country-designated important cultural property relocated from Iwate Prefecture. It is a large building for a toilet, but it also serves as a storeroom, and it also contains various ash used as fertilizer.
The inside looks like this. It has a simple structure in which two boards are passed over a “flight pot” that stores stool. It's OK to get on the board here, so you can enjoy the feeling of going back and forth across the toilet.
However, be careful because it is actually NG.
"It's no surprise that old folk houses have toilets. It was so popular with children that we wanted to hold a special exhibition focusing on them someday. Please think about it. ''
And curator Rina Tamai.
The large and small stools collected from the toilets were once effectively used as nutrient-rich "fertilizers" for growing vegetables. It is natural that the style of toilets will change with urbanization. However, urine and urine always occur as long as human beings live. After this exposition, I want to think not only at the end but also at the end after excretion.
"Yeah, from the toilet to the fertilizer" [Date] Until Sunday, May 31, 2020
[Time] 9: 30-17: 00
[Place] Kawasaki City Japanese Folk House Main Building Exhibition Room
[Price] Free (admission required)
This open-air museum hosts a collection of 25 traditional buildings, mostly from the Edo period (1603 - 1868). They were relocated to the museum from around the country. Every building has been designated a Cultural Property, and they house displays of agricultural equipment and folk tools used in the home. You'll feel you've slipped back in time while enjoying the seasons, including springtime cheery blossoms and autumn leaves. The folk houses host storytelling, performing arts, and lots of other events, as well as a variety of hands-on programs. You can learn about the buildings at an exhibition in the main hall, where they hold planned exhibits too. Their Traditional Craft Hall is open for everyone to experience old-fashioned indigo dyeing.
AddressKanagawa Prefecture Kawasaki City Tama Ward 7-11 Masugata
Business HourMarch-October 9: 30-17: 00 / November-February 9: 30-16: 30 Closed days: Mondays (open on holidays), the next day after holidays (open on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays) ), New Year's holiday (12/29-1/3), temporary holidays
Parking Area140 spaces (Ikuta Ryokuchi East Exit parking lot)
ReserveReservation is required for groups (20 or more). Reservation recommended for indigo dyeing experience.
Average Usage[Admission fee] 500 yen for general, 300 yen for high school / college students / 65 years and over (all required certificate), junior high school students and younger / 65 years old and older, living in Kawasaki City (certificate required) * Group fee included
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