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"Recommendation for Noh and Kyogen" Yuichi Kinoshita (Kinoshita Kabuki)

「能・狂言のススメ」ー木ノ下裕一(木ノ下歌舞伎)
Released on December 25, 2015

You can quickly understand the history and charm for the time being!
A special dialogue between Mr. Noh and Mr. Kyogen!

Text: Yuichi Kinoshita

An easy-to-understand explanation of the history and charm of Noh and Kyogen! I received an order that was really heavy for me, and I was wondering what to do. Already, Yaburekabure, I hoped that both "Noh" and "Kyogen" would appear, and I would like to have them speak frankly from their own mouths, and set up a dialogue. Luckily, both of them kindly agreed, and we had a good time talking. I will send you the details of the conversation.

After all, both of them have lived long lives (?) of hundreds of years, so the story is complicated in places. I added some notes here and there to help guide you, so I hope you enjoy those as well.

From whom were Mr. Noh and Mr. Kyogen born?

Noh, we are brothers.

Kyogen Yes, it's also twins. Hey brother.

Yes . But I'm not sure when it was born. There are various theories... It was the Muromachi period *1 when I remembered it, so roughly 600 years have passed.

Recommended for Noh and Kyogen 01

Even in Kyogen , of course, I was alive before then, so all I know is that I've been around for a very long time.

Unfortunately, our mother *2 in Noh is already dead, but she seems to have been there from a much earlier time. After all, I know the Nara period.

Recommended for Noh and Kyogen 02

Kyogen fu, old!

Nomo was originally not Japanese. It seems that everything came all the way from mainland China during the Nara period *3 .

Recommended for Noh and Kyogen 03

Kyogen was a hard time, Mom...

No , it doesn't seem so. It seems that in Japan, Kekko was welcomed by the whole country. It seems that he played an active role in the national ceremony for consecrating the Great Buddha *4 . In modern times, it would be like attending the opening ceremony of the Olympics. In any case, it seems that nobles and powerful people loved him quite a bit *5 .

Recommendations for Noh and Kyogen 04-05

Kyogen was a very lively person. I'm good at singing and dancing, and I like to make people laugh. She was also good at magic tricks, and she was also good at acrobatics, so she really was a "super mom" *6 !

Recommended for Noh and Kyogen 06

Even in Noh , I gradually became closer to the common people. I wonder if it was too lively and shunned by "people who don't know" *7 ? Well, he was originally a commoner type of person.

Recommendation of Noh and Kyogen 07

Kyogen around that time? When did you meet my father?

I don't know very well, but it might be. I wonder if it's about time to settle down after the "brilliant bachelorhood" ended.

I don't remember much about Kyogen Dad... *8 .

Recommendations for Noh and Kyogen 08

I don't really know what kind of person Noh was *9 . I think he was Japanese. I imagine he must have been a naive person. Moreover, there are rumors that he has several fathers...my mother was a showy person.

Recommendation of Noh and Kyogen 09

Kyogen Our family is complicated...

Noh And then we were born! In the beginning, they were one in the same, at least in the Heian period. Under the name "Sarugaku", the two of them were alone.

Kyogen gradually became divided. Big brother has a serious personality and is good at singing and dancing. I like to make people laugh, and I'd rather say that I'm the type of person who takes a slanted attitude...

Noh is twisted (laughs).

Because it is Kyogen , the roles gradually became divided *10 . Because it makes the relationship better. But it's interesting that they're twins, but their personalities are so different.

10 Recommendations for Noh and Kyogen

Noh Really, oh, do you know that there is a theory that we are not actually twins, we are not related by blood, in other words, we are total strangers?

Speak crazy! ! ! What is that, I've never heard of it!

Rumor has it that Noh was originally born in the countryside and was adopted by his mother *11 .

11 recommendations for Noh and Kyogen

Go crazy and be super shocked! I've always thought you were my twin brother... Stop it!

I do n't know if it's true or not, but well, we've been friends for a long time, so now it doesn't matter which one. We've been good friends for a long time. Now we live separately for various reasons, but we lived together for a long time, and we were always together until the Edo period *12 .

12 recommendations for Noh and Kyogen

After the office worker era, each of them looks for a place of activity ...

Speaking of the Kyogen Edo period, we were living as salaried workers *13 .

13 recommendations for Noh and Kyogen

Noh: Life was very stable back then, but looking back on it now, it was very formal.

Kyogen- nii-chan is serious at heart, so I think he did pretty well, but I was treated like a useless employee because of my playful personality. I was treated lower than my older brother. It might be a persecutory delusion.

Even in Noh , the company suddenly went bankrupt *14 , and the aftermath was hard.

14 recommendations for Noh and Kyogen

Kyogen : That period was probably the most difficult time for us. I was so poor that I was on the brink of starvation.

I thought I was going to die in Noh , so we each sought a new place for our activities, which is what we are today.

Kyogen It was around that time that we stopped living together. Now, people see us as different things, like "Noh" and "Kyogen", and we are often performed separately, but after all, we are brothers, so if possible, I want you to see both.

Noh That's true.

Kyogen- nii-chan is very solid and impressive, the singing and dancing are beautiful, and it is sophisticated as a musical drama. But it takes a little while to understand the promise. I'm more of a dialogue play, the content is frank, and I think it's easy to get into, so it might be good for beginner audiences to watch me first.

Noh , because there are many things in common. For example, stories in which demons appear, stories in which a blind person is the main character. I think that seeing both will give you a much deeper perspective. I know very well the difference between our two personalities. Eh, the twins' entertainment? As much as I think, the way of drawing is completely different.

Kyogen After all, aren't we brothers... I wonder if I'm an adopted child...

Noh , I'm worried about what you just said...

What are the similarities and differences between the two?

Kyogen- niichan draws <Oni>, it's really scary. It can rage and harm humans. Moreover, even though he was originally a human being, he also depicts in detail the tragedy of turning into a demon due to jealousy, obsession, and trauma. That's why it's so real that it's terrifying, and I think that maybe I might become a "demon" myself...

Noh Compared to that, the demons you draw are really charming. Some are idiots, some are timid, some love girls and try hard to persuade them, but in the end beans are thrown at them and they run away in a hurry (laughs).

Kyogen is full of pathetic demons (laughs).

Even in Noh , that's why it's a demon to love. Also, we may have something in common in that we are both trying to depict humans. You could say that I'm expressing the ugly appearance of a human obsessed with an obsession with the existence of a "demon", and you're a "demon" that smells more human than a human. By daring to borrow the existence of "demon", I can express human weakness, loneliness, and therefore love in a more bitter manner. At first, the audience will think, "Ah, this is about demons," but then they'll think, "Wait, isn't this about us?!"

Kyogen Oh yeah! That's what they have in common! We might be real twins after all! Also, it's generally thought that my brother is in charge of <Tragedy> and I'm in charge of <Comedy>, but I wonder if that's the case? I honestly think. Well, if you just take out the contents, it looks like that. But even my brother is quite <funny>

No ! yes?

Even in Kyogen , for example, those stage sets called "artifacts" *15 are completely strange! I'm so particular about the costumes and props, but uh, is that the right thing to do? ! (laughs)

15 recommendations for Noh and Kyogen

If you think about it... If you take a closer look at Noh masks, there are many "funny faces" (laughs).

Kyogen content is also quite strange. The main character is very pessimistic and gives off a serious air, but there are many things that make me want to say, "No, no, that way of worrying is strange, isn't it!"

Noh I feel like I understand a little bit. It's funny to watch other people talk about their troubles from the side.

Kyogen I like my brother's seriousness and "spontaneity". I liked it so much that I created a program called "Octopus". The guy who thoroughly parodied his older brother. The main character is the ghost of a cooked octopus, who appears saying, "I can't go to heaven...".

Noh has a proper Noh structure, even adding chanting and shibyoushi. I've been meaning to say this for a while, but are you making fun of me in that performance?

Kyogen is outrageous! "Rispekto" is "Rispekto".

Noh is also called a comedy, but there are many of them that have a rather melancholy content. There are also plays like Tsukimi-zato, Mikabe, and Buaku that make you feel like you're going to die. It's like "I'm sorry, but eventually I'll be sad...".

I feel like I understand Kyogen . There are a lot of strange people in my characters, but if you look closely, they all have a little bit of common people's sadness and loneliness. Kyogen's "laughter" often has a set pattern in which the main character plots something, but it fails. No, at best, I have little desire to steal alcohol, to persuade a girl, or to have a small amount of money. But there is sadness in the fact that even such a small hope doesn't work out. The more I laugh, the more I get a little giddy. A lonely person's <Kara Genki> is even more sad... I guess.

Noh tragedy and comedy cannot be distinguished. The interesting thing about us is that it's not easy. By all means, I want many people to see it. Let's start with Kyogen! It's Japan's oldest extant script play, and you'll laugh, laugh, and feel a little like a jinn.

Kyogen After that, definitely Noh! Soothing music, soothing singing, comfortable seats in the audience, slow movement, sleep and sleep... When you wake up, the story hasn't progressed much, and you fall asleep again... Such a superb sleep experience awaits. (smile)

Noh You must be making a fool of me (laughs)

Author profile
Yuuichi Kinoshita|Director of Kinoshita Kabuki
Born July 4, 1985 in Wakayama. When he was in the 3rd grade of elementary school, he heard Kamigata rakugo and was shocked. In 2006, he founded Kinoshita Kabuki, where he directs, prostheses, and supervises classical performances. "Yoshitsune Thousand Cherry Trees" ('12), "Kurozuka" ('14), "Tokaido Yotsuya Ghost Stories - Complete Performance" ('14), "Three Yoshisam" ('14, '15), "Sacred Hearts" Amishima ('15). In 2015, he was nominated for the Yomiuri Theater Award for the first half of 2015 for his performance of Sannin Kichisa.

In addition, he is active in a wide range of activities such as writing and giving lectures on classical performing arts. Steep slope studio support artist (since 2013). Since 2014, he has been a Junior Fellow of the Saison Foundation. Graduated from Kyoto University of Art and Design Graduate School. Currently writing doctoral dissertation. His research theme is "Takechi Kabuki Theory: New Kabuki Performances in Modern Times."

Click here for events related to "Noh and Kyogen" scheduled to be held in Kanagawa Prefecture

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