Complete Maekawa architecture in Kanagawa prefecture on a tour of the Prefectural Youth Center!
The world of art that you can go, see, and feel
File.21 Learn Maekawa Architecture at Prefectural Youth Center
Miyuki Inoue (Magcal editorial department)
Buildings designed by Kunio Maekawa, the flagship of postwar modernist architecture in Japan, are concentrated in the Momijigaoka area of Yokohama. The prefectural library and the prefectural music hall have already been guided on a tour, so only the youth center remains.
This time, in addition to the "Tatemono Tour" by the volunteer group bridge, I heard that there will be a "Stage Backyard Tour" by the hall staff and a lecture by Mr. Hashimoto, Director of Maekawa Associates, so I went out quickly. saw.
The Prefectural Youth Center was completed in 1962. Initially, it was a five-story complex with a theater hall, planetarium, and science exhibition hall. After that, large-scale renovation work was carried out for the purpose of improving functions and making it earthquake resistant. It was reborn in its current form in 2005.
This major renovation won the 19th BELCA Award Best Remodeling Award as an excellent example of extending the life of public facilities. In 2018, it was additionally certified as a modern movement architecture selected by DOCOMOMO JAPAN, following the prefectural library and music hall.
The library and concert hall are masterpieces of the first period of Maekawa architecture. On the other hand, the Youth Center was designed during the transition period from the 2nd term to the 3rd term, so it is interesting that it has both characteristics.
One of the features is "precast concrete" used for window frames. Concrete plates, etc. are made in advance at the factory and assembled on site.
Another feature is the "driving tile". Since the surface of the exposed concrete outer wall deteriorates, it is said that the aim is to improve durability and design by covering it with large-sized tiles. You can see it up close at the entrance of the hall, on the back side, which turns around from the front entrance.
By the way, each tile weighs about 10 kg (!). A big nod to the anecdote that it was unpopular with the craftsmen who did the construction.
In the major renovation in 2005, it was a big issue to improve the seismic performance while preserving and inheriting the appearance as much as possible. For this reason, the planetarium, observatory, floor slab on the 4th floor, etc. have been removed to reduce the weight of the building, and earthquake-resistant walls have been installed. It was transformed into a solid and sturdy three-story building.
CurrentWhen I look up on the 3rd floor, I notice that there is a mysterious space on the ceiling. This seems to be a trace of removing the 4th floor slab.
Traces of the major renovation can also be seen on the stairs leading from the lobby on the first floor to the second floor. Can you see that the "driving tile" used for the outer wall remains on the second floor wall on the left side? Yes, this is an extension, a space that used to be outdoors. Before the renovation, the outer stairs were used to reach the second floor, so the building was expanded for convenience and a new dedicated staircase was installed.
Speaking of youth center, autumn leaves slope hall!
This area was also renovated in 2005, except for the walls. Of course, the stage equipment such as sound and lighting was renewed, but it seems that the renewal of stage curtain was also a big issue.
The stage curtain is by Yasushi Sugiyama, a master of Japanese painting. It is a valuable item with only a few items left in Japan, but it cannot be denied that it has deteriorated over time. Therefore, we carefully examined the original stage curtain to find the original color, and asked the Kyoto workshop, which is doing the stage curtain weaving, which is very rare for stage curtains, to make it. It has made a wonderful comeback.
By the way, a part of the original stage curtain is displayed in the lobby, so you can see it when you visit the Youth Center.
The walls of the hall are the same as before, but in reality, they are packed with tremendous ingenuity.
It has a structure called "Helmholtz's resonator", and there is a space for sound absorption on the back side of the tile, which controls the sound of the entire hall. The reverberation time is 1.8 seconds, which is slightly longer than the concert hall. I thought it was just a design (sorry), so I was surprised when I was doing something physically amazing!
In this report, in addition to the guidance of everyone at bridge, we also referred to the lecture by Director Hashimoto of Maekawa Associates.
Thank you very much!
One last point.
This year, the plaza in front of the Youth Center has been improved to create a comfortable space. The Kusunoki towering in the center is thought to be the same tree as the one depicted in the Ukiyo-e when the Kanagawa Bugyosho was set up on this land, and is now a symbol of Momijigaoka.
Mr. Maekawa cherishes the space that approaches the building and himself "Esprana"It seems that there was also a facility that designed a space called "Do". At the time of designing the Momijigaoka area, there seems to be no evidence of using that name, but Director Hashimoto thinks that "the newly developed space deserves to be called an <esplanade>."
The Prefectural Youth Center is a facility that aims to foster the healthy development of young people and contribute to the improvement of the culture of the citizens of the prefecture. It is a business with the following four pillars for the comprehensive development of youth policies and the promotion of performing arts. Is working on.
1. Development of human resources to promote experiential learning for young people
2. Response to youth withdrawal, school refusal, delinquency, etc.
3. Support for promoting youth science experience activities
4. Support for youth and prefectural performing arts activities
Address9-1 Momijigaoka, Nishi-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa
Business Hour* Autumn leaves slope hall, studio HIKARI, practice room (excluding reception desk) 9: 00-22: 00 * Theater reference room 9: 00-22: 00 * Youth reference room 9: 00-17: 00 * Youth support plaza 9 : 00-21: 00 (until 17:00 on Sundays) [Closed] Year-end and New Year (12 / 28-1 / 4) * However, the Youth Support Plaza, Youth Library, and Theater Library are closed every Monday. ..
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