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Culture/History

Places associated with Kamakura-dono: Visiting places related to Miura Yoshizumi and Wada Yoshimori

鎌倉殿とゆかりの地―三浦義澄と和田義盛のゆかりの地をめぐる

Approximately half a year has passed since the start of the NHK Taiga drama ``13 People of the Kamakura Palace.'' The long-cherished desire of Minamoto no Yoritomo, the lord of the Kamakura clan, has been overthrown, and a political system centered on Minamoto no Yoritomo begins.
Of the 13 influential retainers, we would like to introduce the places that are associated with the Miura clan (Yoshizumi Miura) and the Wada clan (Yoshimori Wada), both of whom are rooted in the Miura Peninsula in Kanagawa Prefecture.

Spot 1 Places related to Miura Yoshizumi: Manshoji Temple, Yakuoji Historic Site (Miura Yoshizumi Tomb), Chikata Shrine

Manshoji Temple in Yokosuka City is said to have been founded by Yoshiaki Miura, the father of Yoshizumi Miura, but it is said that it was actually founded by Yoritomo Minamoto.

Minamoto no Yoritomo never forgot his gratitude to Yoshiaki Miura, who raised an army in response to the Battle of Ishibashiyama and was killed in a series of battles, and named Yoshiaki the founder of the shrine.

In front of the main hall, there are hand-planted azaleas planted by Minamoto no Yoritomo, giving a glimpse of how much Minamoto no Yoritomo trusted the Miura clan and treated them well.

Nearby are the historic site of Yakuo-ji Temple, which is said to be the grave of Yoshizumi Miura, and Chikata Shrine, which is dedicated to Yoshizumi's son Yoshimura Miura, making it a place that can be seen as the base of the Miura clan.
Manshoji Temple📍 1-5-10 Oyabe, Yokosuka City, Kanagawa Prefecture


Kindono Shrine 📍 1-9-3 Oyabe, Yokosuka City, Kanagawa Prefecture

Spot 2 Place related to Miura Yoshizumi: Abuzuri Castle Ruins

It is said that Abuzuri Castle was located on a small hill on the opposite side of the road from Hikage Chaya, near Hayama Marina. As you climb up the hill, you'll reach a flat area, but there are almost no traces of what it was like back then.
It is said that the name "Abushizuri" was given because when climbing up to the castle, one had to climb a slope so steep that the stirrups of a horse would rub against it.

This Abatsuri Castle is the place where Yoshizumi Miura, who was unable to join the battle of Ishibashiyama, planted a flag and encouraged his allies when he fought against the Oba army. It is said that this is where Yuchika Ito, who fought against Yoritomo, was kept and later beheaded. It is also the place where Kame no Mae, Minamoto no Yoritomo's mistress who angered Masako Hojo and had her mansion burnt down, was hidden.
📍 Hayama Town, Miura District, Kanagawa Prefecture

Spot 3 Place related to Yoshimori Wada: Shirahata Shrine (Miura City)

In Wada, Hasse-cho, Miura City, which was the territory of Yoshimori Wada, there is Shirahata Shrine, which enshrines Yoshimori Wada, the first Samurai-jo Betto, as Shirahata Myojin.
It is said that the villagers of Wada built this shrine to commemorate Yoshimori Hojo, who was defeated in the Wada Battle and died with his family at Wadazuka in Kamakura.
📍 1746 Wada, Hatsusecho, Miura City, Kanagawa Prefecture

Spot 4 Place related to Yoshimori Wada: Jorakuji Temple

According to legend, when Minamoto no Yoritomo built Katschoju-in in Kamakura to mourn the memory of his father Minamoto no Yoshitomo, which was damaged by a typhoon, Yoshimori Wada worked with Masako Hojo to move it to its current location (Ashina, Yokosuka City). It is said that It is said that the purpose of the statue was to pray for victory in the Oshu conquest, and it is said that Yoshimori and his wife Wada were the benefactors, and that they commissioned the Buddhist sculptor Unkei, who later went to Kamakura and was involved in the reconstruction of Kofukuji Temple in Nara, which had been destroyed by fire, to create it.5 The body is laid to rest.
📍2-30-5 Ashina, Yokosuka City, Kanagawa Prefecture


 
The Miura clan is said to have taken on the surname Miura Tamemichi, who was given Miura in Sagami Province by Minamoto no Yoriyoshi for his achievements in the War of the Nine Years of War.
Yoshimori Wada was a descendant of the Miura clan, and both the Miura and Wada clans were highly valued by Minamoto no Yoritomo, and the family prospered in the Miura Peninsula near Kamakura.

However, after the death of Minamoto no Yoritomo, both clans perished in the midst of a power struggle within Kamakura, but even today, in Miura and Yokosuka, you can still remember the power they had in those days.

Next time we look forward to.

*Please note that there are various theories regarding the contents of the column.

Also check past articles
Touring the places associated with Kamakura-dono
Place related to Yoshitoki Hojo
Visiting places related to Tokimasa Hojo and Kagetoki Kajiwara

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