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Culture/History

Places related to Kamakura-dono - extra edition

鎌倉殿とゆかりの地―番外編

There are many people who contributed to the subjugation of the Taira clan and the establishment of the Kamakura shogunate, although they are not listed in the 13-person council system. This time, as an extra edition, we will also focus on people other than the 13 people and introduce places in Kanagawa Prefecture that are related to them.

The first is Sanehira Doi.
When Yoritomo, who raised an army to defeat the Taira clan, was routed in the Battle of Ishibashiyama, Sanehira Doi helped Yoritomo. Because of his loyalty, he gained Minamoto no Yoritomo's trust, and when the Taira clan subjugated, he was appointed as the magistrate of the Kamakura army and the guardian of the three provinces of Kibi and Nagato and Suo. It is said that he died in November 1191 (there are various theories), but if he were still alive, he might have participated as one of the 13 elders.

Spot 1 Joganji Temple


Get off at Yugawara Station and climb the mountain on the north side of Yugawara Station for about 500 meters. It originates from the fact that Sanehira Doi built a Buddhist temple to pray for the long-lasting prosperity of his family. The current sect is the Soto sect (converted several times in the past), but the statue of Sanehira Doi and his son Tohira set sail from the coast of Manazuru in the Doi territory to Awa in just seven horses after the defeat of Ishibashiyama (seven horsemen). It has a deep relationship with the Doi clan, such as the seven statues of Sanehira Doi, who supported the great achievement that led to the establishment of the samurai government later, and the seven statues of the seven horses are enshrined, and the grave of the Doi clan. I will ask you.

Shichikidō

900-year-old Byakushin (a natural monument designated by the Ministry of Education)

Joganji Temple 📍252 Shirohori, Yugawara-machi, Ashigarashimo-gun, Kanagawa Prefecture 259-0305

Spot2 Gosho Shrine


Gosho Shrine
It is located about 1 km southwest of Yugawara Station. Founded during the reign of Emperor Tenchi (626-672), it was revered by the Doi clan and the local people. It is said that in 1060, Arai Sanetsugu, who followed Minamoto no Yoshiie's expedition to Europe under the protection of Gosho Shrine, made a distinguished war effort, and the shrine is also associated with the Genji clan. It is said that when Minamoto no Yoritomo raised an army in 1180, Sanehira Doi offered a sword and performed a goma ceremony here to pray for victory.

sacred tree

Gosho Shrine 📍359-1 Miyashita, Yugawara-cho, Ashigarashimo-gun, Kanagawa Prefecture 259-0304

The second was Shigetada Hatakeyama.
Because of his high education, bravery, and personality, he was called 'the model of the Bando samurai'. When Minamoto no Yoritomo raised an army, he fought against Yoritomo's army on the side of the Taira clan. Afterwards, he became a vassal of Minamoto no Yoritomo, and made great achievements such as subjugating the Taira family and conquering Europe. Combined with his upright personality, he became a person who was respected by everyone as a "Bando samurai model". However, even Shigetada HATAKEYAMA was inevitably embroiled in the Kamakura political strife, and in the end he was accused of rebellion and killed by Yoshitoki HOJO in what is now Asahi Ward, Yokohama City.

Spot 1 Tsurugamine/Futamatagawa old battlefield

Shigeyasu, the son of Shigetada HATAKEYAMA, got into a fight with Tomomasa HIRAGA, the son-in-law of Maki no Kata, the second wife of Hojo Tokimasa, at a drinking party. He asked Tokimasa HOJO to defeat Shigetada HATAKEYAMA, and Masako HOJO and Yoshitoki objected, saying ``Shigetada HATAKEYAMA will not rebel,'' but in the end, the third shogun MINAMOTO no Sanetomo issued an order to subjugate Shigetada HATAKEYAMA. increase. At that time, Shigetada HATAKEYAMA was on his way to Kamakura from Sugaya, Musashi Province, where he lived, after receiving a message that he had to urgently go to Kamakura due to an accident. Then, the army of Shigetada Hatakeyama engaged in a battle with the punitive force (general Yoshitoki Hojo) from Kamakura at Tsurugamine and Futamagawa (now Asahi Ward, Yokohama City). Shigetada HATAKEYAMA's army, with only a few hundred horsemen, fought bravely against the tens of thousands of Kamakura troops, but they were outnumbered, and it is said that in the end, the whole family committed suicide.
In this way, Shigetada HATAKEYAMA, who was a model of the Bando samurai, was killed, but this caused dissatisfaction among many Bando samurai, and later became one of the major reasons why Hojo Tokimasa and Maki no kata were exiled from Kamakura.


upside down bamboo

Tsurugamine/Futamatagawa Old Battlefield Ruins

We have introduced spots in Kanagawa Prefecture that are related to "Kamakura-dono" several times.
There are many places in Kanagawa Prefecture that have been in charge of history, as the center of politics in the Kamakura period and as a symbol of civilization and enlightenment after the Meiji period.
Why don't you visit famous places and historic sites where you can feel the history and feel the various charms of Kanagawa?

*Please note that there are various theories regarding the content of the columns.

Also check past articles
Visiting places related to Kamakura-dono
Place related to Hojo Yoshitoki
Visit places associated with Hojo Tokimasa and Kajiwara Kagetoki
Places related to the Kamakura-dono: Visiting places related to Yoshizumi Miura and Yoshimori Wada
Lands related to Kamakura-dono: Visiting places related to Oe Hiromoto and Adachi Morinaga

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